اثر یک برنامه اصلاحی 6 هفته ای بر بهبود کف پای صاف و تعادل ایستای پسران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد/ گروه آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی/ دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی/ دانشگاه گیلان/ رشت

2 دانشیار گروه آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی/ دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی/ دانشگاه گیلان/ رشت

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: عارضه کف پای صاف می تواند با تعادل و کنترل پاسچر مبتلایان ارتباط داشته باشد. همچنین بهبود عارضه مذکور از طریق برنامه های تمرینی اصلاحی همواره مورد بحث بوده است. هدف از انجام این مطالعه، بررسی اثر یک برنامه اصلاحی 6 هفته ای بر بهبود کف پای صاف و تعادل ایستای پسران بود. روش تحقیق: مطالعه از نوع نیمه تجربی و نمونه آماری شامل 50 دانش آموز پسر 10 تا 12 سال دارای کف پای صاف بود که به دو گروه تجربی (35) نفر و گروه شاهد (15) نفر تقسیم شدند. نمونه ها با استفاده از روش افت ناوی انتخاب شدند. ارزیابی تعادل ایستا بوسیله دستگاه تعادل سنج بیودکس صورت گرفت. اطلاعات ثبات پاسچر در سه جهت قدامی- خلفی، داخلی  خارجی و شاخص کلی تعادل بدست آمد. از آزمون کولموگروف  اسمیرنوف برای سنجش توزیع طبیعی داده ها، آزمون فرض ها از آزمون ویلکاکسون، یومان ویتنی و t وابسته با سطح معناداری 05/pیافته ها: نتایج نشان داد که میان پیش آزمون و پس آزمون گروه تجربی تفاوت معنی داری در جهت بهبود عارضه وجود دارد (001/p=0)، و تفاوت میان پس آزمون دو گروه تجربی و شاهد هم معنی دار است (003/p=0). به علاوه، بین پیش آزمون و پس آزمون شاخص تعادل قدامی خلفی (03/p=0) و شاخص کلی گروه تجربی تفاوت معنی دار در جهت بهبود تعادل مشاهده شد ) 005 / p=0 (، اما در شاخص جانبی تفاوت معنی داری وجود نداشت (08/p=0). از طرف دیگر، اختلاف معنی دار بین پس آزمون گروه شاهد و تجربی در هر سه شاخص ثباتی مشاهده شد (شاخص جانبی تعادل 04/p=0 ، شاخص قدامی 005/p=0 و شاخص کلی p=0/009و نتایج بهبود تعادل را در گروه تجربی نشان داد. نتیجه گیری: براساس یافته های تحقیق، اصلاح کف پای صاف کودکان پسر 10 تا 12 ساله و بهبود تعادل ایستای آنان با اجرای برنامه تمرینی منتخب از سوی معلمان، مربیان و درمانگران اکیدا توصیه می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effects of a 6 weeks corrective exercise program on improving flat foot and static balance in boys

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Fakoor Rashid 1
  • Hassan Daneshmandi 2
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Flat foot complication can be associated with balance and postural of the patients. Moreover, the complication of these problems can be improved through corrective exercise programs. The aim of this study was to identify the effect of a 6 weeks corrective exercise program on improvement flat foot and static balance. Materials and Methods: This is a semiexperimental research. Samples were consisting of 50 boy students (10-12 years old) with flexible flat foot, they divided into 2 groups: experimental group (35 people) and control group (15 people). Samples were selected according to the Navy- drop test (P: 76%-95%). To measure static balance the Biodex balance system timer was used. Postural stability in the anterior-posterior, internalexternal and overall index balance was achieved. For statistical analysis of data, Kolmogorov– Smirnov test for normal distribution of data and assumptions of the Wilcoxon signed ranks, Man Whitney algorithm and paired t-test with the level of 0.05 was used. Results: The results indicated a significant difference (p=0.001) between pre-test and post-test of the experimental group in flat foot improvement; and there was a significant difference (p=0.003) between post-test values of them. Moreover, balance index of experimental group between pre-test and post-test for the anteriorposterior side (p=0.03), and for overall index (p=0.005), but not in internal-external side (p=0.08), were improved. On the other hand, there were significant differences between experimental and control groups in lateral (p=0.04), anterior-posterior (p=0.005), and total (p=0.009) balance. Conclusion: According to this study, to improve the flat foot deformity and static balance, the corrective exercise program is strongly recommended for the 10-12 years old boy students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Static Balance
  • Flat Foot Deformity
  • Corrective Exercises
  • Biodex Balance System
  • Postural stability
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