تاثیر تمرین مقاومتی غیرخطی و مکمل اسید گلیسیریزیک بر عملکرد عضلانی و درد عضلانی ادراک شده در مردان جوان دارای اضافه وزن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه اردکان، اردکان، ایران

2 استاد گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکز، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکز، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: یکی از موضوعات مهم توان‌بخشی ورزشی در افراد مبتلا به سندرم اضافه وزن، افزایش عملکرد عضلانی و تعدیل پاسخ‌های درد عضلانی متعاقب فعالیت‌های بدنی با مصرف گیاهان دارویی است. لذا، هدف از این پژوهش بررسی تاثیر تمرین مقاومتی غیرخطی و مکمل اسید گلیسیریزیک بر عملکرد عضلانی و درد عضلانی ادراک ‌شده در مردان ‌جوان‌ دارای ‌اضافه‌ وزن بود. روش تحقیق: در یک کارآزمایی نیمه تجربی، 32 مرد جوان دارای اضافه وزن (میانگین سن: 1/52±22/25 سال و شاخص توده‌ بدن: 0/65±26/90 کیلوگرم بر مترمربع) به صورت داوطلبانه در تحقیق شرکت کردند و به طور تصادفی در چهار گروه: تمرین مقاومتی غیرخطی+مکمل اسید گلیسیریزیک (8=n)، تمرین مقاومتی غیرخطی+دارونما (8=n)، مکمل اسید گلیسیریزیک (8=n) و کنترل (8=n) جای گرفتند. برنامه تمرینی به مدت 8 هفته و هفته‌ای 3 جلسه اجرا شد. قبل و بعد از 8 هفته، شاخص‌های عملکرد عضلانی با روش یک تکرار بیشینه و درد عضلانی ادراک شده با مقیاس درک درد مک‌گیل اندازه‌گیری شدند. جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون‌های آماری آنالیز واریانس با اندازه‌گیری‌های‌مکرر، آنالیز واریانس دوراهه، آنالیز واریانس یک-راهه و ضریب همبستگی پیرسون در سطح معنی‌داری 0/05>p استفاده گردید. یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که درد عضلانی ادراک-شده در فواصل زمانی بلافاصله، 24، 48 و 72 ساعت پس از آخرین جلسه تمرین، نسبت به پیش‌آزمون و گروه کنترل کاهش معنی‌دار داشت (0/0001 =p). عملکرد عضلانی نسبت به پیش‌آزمون افزایش معنی‌دار داشت (0/0001 =p). بین درد عضلانی ادراک شده با شاخص توده‌ بدن و توده‌ بدون چربی رابطه‌ معکوس معنی‌دار مشاهده شد (0/02 =p). نتیجه‌گیری: تمرین مقاومتی غیرخطی همراه با مصرف مکمل اسید گلیسیریزیک به جهت حصول نتایج سودمند، می‌تواند بخش مهمی از برنامه توان-بخشی ورزشی افراد دارای اضافه وزن قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of non-linear resistance exercise and glycyrrhizic acid supplementation on muscular function and perceived muscular pain in overweight young men

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hasan Naghizadeh 1
  • Mohammad Ali Azarbayjani 2
  • Maghsoud Peeri 2
  • Hasan Matinhomaee 3
1 Assistant Profesor Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran
2 Full Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Central of Tehran Branches, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Associate Professor of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences Central of Tehran Branches, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: One of the important issues of sport rehabilitation in individuals with overweight syndrome is increase muscular function and modulate responses of muscular pain subsequent physical activity with consumption of medicinal plants. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of non-linear resistance exercise and glycyrrhizic acid supplementation on muscle function and perceivedmuscular pain in overweight young men. Materials and Methods: In this semi - experimental trials, 32 subjects (mean age: 21.99 ± 1.46 years, and body mass index: 26.86 ± 0.64 kg/m2) voluntarily participated in this study and divided randomly into 4 equal (n=8) groups including non-linear resistance exercise+supplementation, supplementation, non-linear resistance exercise+placebo and control groups. The training program performed for 8 weeks and 3 sessions per week. The muscular performance indicators and perceived muscle pain were measured respectively by one repetition maximum and McGill pain perception scale, before and after 8 weeks.The repeated measures, two-way and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Pearson correlation coefficient test were used for extraction of results at pResults: The results showed that perceived muscular pain at intervals immediately, 24, 48 and 72 hours after the last training session decreased significantly than pre-test and control group (p=0.0001); wherase muscular performance increased significantly than pre-test (p=0.0001). Moreover, it is observed significant inverse relationship between perceived muscular pain with body mass index and lean body mass (p=0.02). Conclusion: In order to attain desire and beneficial results, non-linear resistance exercise along with glycyrrhizic gcid supplementation can be placed as an important part of sports rehabilitation program in overweight individuals.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Nonlinear resistance exercise
  • Glycyrrhizic acid
  • Muscular function
  • Perceived muscular pain
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