انحناهای ستون فقرات در صفحه سهمی، شانه گرد و تیلت لگن در دختران کاراته‌کا و غیرورزشکار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه نهاوند، ایران.

2 استادیار آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بروجرد، بروجرد، ایران.

4 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد بیومکانیک ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: تمرینات ورزشی به عنوان شکل خاصی از فعالیت‌‌های بدنی جهت‌دار، ممکن است بر فرآیند شکل‌گیری وضعیت‌ بدنی، اثرات مهمی داشته باشد. هدف تحقیق حاضر، ارزیابی و مقایسه وضعیت بدنی دختران کاراته‌کا با افراد غیرورزشکار بود. روش تحقیق: 50 نفر دختر کاراته‌کا و 50 نفر غیرورزشکار در این مطالعه شرکت کردند. برای ارزیابی وضعیت بدنی آزمودنی­ ها، ناهنجاری­ های سر به جلو (با استفاده از روش فتوگرامتری)، شانه گرد (با استفاده از گونیا)، کایفوز و لوردوز (با استفاده از خط کش منعطف) و تیلت قدامی لگن (با استفاده از روش ساندرز) اندازه‌گیری شد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل آماری داده‌ها آزمون t مستقل و در سطح معنی ‌داری 0/05>p مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. یافته­ ها: نتایج مطالعه نشان داد که میانگین زاویه سر به ­جلو (0/004=p)، شانه­ گرد در سمت چپ و راست (0/0001=p) و کایفوز پشتی (0/0001=p) در دختران کارته‌کا بیشتر از غیر ورزشکاران بود و تفاوت آن­ها از نظر آماری معنی ­دار بود. علاوه بر این اختلاف معنی­ داری در میزان لوردوز کمری (0/47=p) و تیلت قدامی لگن (0/75=p) کارته‌کاها و افراد غیر ورزشکار یافت نشد. نتیجه­ گیری: نتایج تحقیق حاضر نشان داد علی­رغم کم بودن اختلاف شاخص ­های مورد بررسی در این مطالعه، این اختلاف از نظر بالینی حائز اهمیت است و مربیان و ورزشکاران بهتر است، تدابیر پیشگیرانه و اصلاحی لازم را در برنامه­های تمرینی لحاظ کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Sagittal curvatures of the spine, rounded shoulders, pelvic tilts in girls karate athletes and non-athletes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shahabeddin Bagheri 1
  • Farzaneh Saki 2
  • Nifiseh Aghamohammadi 3
  • Mansureh Taherinia 4
1 Assistant professor, Faculty of sport sciences, Nahavand University, Nahavand, Iran.
2 Assistant professor, Faculty of sport sciences, Bu -Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
3 ‌MSc student in Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercise, Islamic Azad University, Broujerd branch, Broujerd, Iran.
4 MSc Student in Sport Biomechanics, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Bu Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Exercise as a specific form of physical activity arrow could have a significant impacts on development’s process of body posture. The aim of the study was to assess and compare the body posture of girls Karate athletes with non-athletes. Materials and Methods: 50 girl’s karate athletes and 50 matched non-athletes participated in this study. Forward Head using photogrammetry, rounded shoulders with a goniometer, kyphosis and lordosis using a flexicurve and anterior pelvic tilt by Saunders’s method was measured. Statistical analysis of data using independent t- test and the significance level was 0.05. Results: The Mean forward head angle (p=0.004), the left and right rounded shoulders (p=0.0001), kyphosis (p=0.001) in karate athletes was greater than non-athletes and there were statistical significant. In addition, no significant difference was found between Karate athletes and non-athletes in mean lordosis (p=0.47) and anterior pelvic tilt (p=0.75). Conclusion: The results showed that despite the differences in parameters examined in this study is low, it is clinically important and coaches and athletes should accommodate necessary preventive and corrective Strategies in training programs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Spine
  • Rounded shoulder
  • Pelvic tilt
  • Karate

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