تأثیر 8 هفته تمرین با توپ تعادلی بر میزان عارضه لوردوز دانش آموزان پسر 15 تا 18 سال

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران.

3 دانشجوی دکتری آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، کرج، ایران.

4 استادیار توانبخشی ورزشی، گروه علوم ورزشی دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، ایران.

چکیده

زمینه­ و هدف: پیامدهای ­ناشی­ از وضعیت ­بدنی ­غیر صحیح­ به­ حدی ­گسترده ­است­ که ­در ابعاد جسمی، روحی، اقتصادی، اجتماعی قابل تعمق و بررسی می­­باشد و درمان­ آن ­در سنین ­جوانی ­از هزینه­­ های­ هنگفت­ جهت­ جراحی­ و درمان ­این­ ناهنجاری ­در آینده­ جلوگیری می‌کند، بنابراین هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر هشت هفته تمرین با توپ تعادلی بر میزان لوردوز دانش آموزان پسر 15 تا 18 سال بود. روش تحقیق: در پژوهش نیمه­ تجربی حاضر تعداد 40 دانش­ آموز با دامنه سنی 15 تا 18 سال از بین دانش­ آموزان داوطلب شهر دهدشت بصورت در دسترس و هدفمند انتخاب و بطور تصادفی به دو گروه تجربی و کنترل تقسیم شدند. گروه تجربی هشت هفته تمرینات فیزیوبال را سه جلسه در هفته به مدت 60 دقیقه انجام دادند، ولی گروه کنترل در هیچ­ گونه فعالیتی به غیر از فعالیت­­ های معمول روزانه شرکت نداشتند. زاویه لوردوز کمری با استفاده از خط­ کش منعطف در دو مرحله قبل و بعد از اجرای تمرینات فیزیوبال اندازه­ گیری شد. تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات به وسیله آزمون t مستقل و t زوجی در سطح معنی­داری (0/05≥p) مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت. یافته­ ها: نتایج نشان داد که پس از هشت هفته تمرین بهبود معنی­ داری در نمرات لوردوز کمری گروه تجربی نسبت به پیش از دوره تمرینات فیزیوبال یافت شد (0/001=p)، در حالی­ که در گروه کنترل تغییر معنی­ داری مشاهده نشد. نتیجه­ گیری: با توجه به نتایج پژوهش حاضر، چنین به نظر می ­رسد که تمرین با توپ تعادلی روش مناسبی جهت بهبود عارضه لوردوز دانش آموزان می باشد. بنابراین به متخصصین حرکات اصلاحی توصیه می­ شود که از روش تمرین با توپ تعادلی برای بهبود عارضه لوردوز در کنار سایر روش­ های اصلاحی بیشتر استفاده نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effects of 8 weeks exercise with the Balance ball on the amount of Lordosis of male students 15-18 years old

نویسندگان [English]

  • Atefeh Kamali 1
  • Bahnam Shokri 2
  • Noorallah Javdaneh 3
  • Behnam Ghasemi 4
1 Master of sport injuries, Corrective Exercises, School of Sport Sciences, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran.
2 Master of sport injuries, Corrective Exercises, School of Sport Sciences, Shahrkoord University, Shahrkoord, Iran.
3 PhD student sport injuries and corrective actions, School of Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Kharazmi Iran.
4 Assistant Professor of Sport Rehabilitation, Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, Shahrkoord University, Shahrkoord, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Consequences of incorrect posture too extensively in physical, mental, economic, socialneeded to contemplate and investigationand treatment at a young age the enormous costs for of surgery and treatment of this abnormality the future Prevents. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the effects of seven weeks exercise with the Balance ball on the amount of lordosis of male students15-18 years old. Materials and Methods:  In the present quasi-experimental study 40 Student were selected from thevolunteer elderly women in Dahshahr through target sampling and availability and divided randomly intotwo groups; one experimental group and one control group. The experimentalgroup received the treatment (Physioball exercises for 60 minutes, three times a week) for 8 weeks, but thecontrol group received no treatment and was engaged in daily routine activities. Lumbar lordosis using checker board and flexible ruler in two stages, before and after training were measured Physioball. The data were analyzed through Analysis of T Independent at thesignificance level of P≤0.05. Results: The results showed that there was a significant improvement on the scores obtained from the tests measuring Lordosis of the experimental group after 8 weeks of receiving therapeutic exercises (P=0.001 and t: 12.8), whereas no such significant improvement was observed in the control group. Conclusion: Considering the results of the current study, it seems that the Balance ball exercises are a good way to improve Lordosis students. Therefore, the specialists recommended that corrective exercises with Balance ball training methods to improve Lordosis wing along with other corrective methods use more.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Lumbar lordosis
  • Balance ball
  • Male students
  • Exercise physio ball

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