تأثیر 12 هفته تمرینات تراباند بر وضعیت زانو، زاویه Q و تعادل دردانش‌آموزان دارای زانوی پرانتزی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

2 کارشناس اداره ورزش و جوانان شهرستان اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

3 دانشجوی دکتری آسیب شناسی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: در سال­ های اخیر استفاده از تمرینات تراباند به دلیل هزینه پایین، نیاز به فضای کم و ایمن بودن، در توانبخشی مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. هدف از این مطالعه، بررسی تأثیر 12 هفته تمرین تراباند بر وضعیت زانو، زاویه Q و تعادل ایستا و پویای دانش آموزان مبتلا به پای پرانتزی بود. روش تحقیق: 30 دانش آموز دختر دوره متوسطه اول مبتلا به زاتوی پرانتزی به صورت هدفمند انتخاب و به طور تصادفی در دو گروه 15 نفری تجربی (سن 1/6±14/01 سال، قد 0/12±1/57 متر و وزن 9/7±50/3 کیلوگرم) و کنترل (سن 1/6±14/06 سال، قد 0/18±1/56 متر و وزن 11/3±50/03 کیلوگرم) وارد مطالعه شدند. فاصله بین زانو­ها، زاویه Q، تعادل ایستا و تعادل پویای آزمودنی­ ها به ترتیب توسط کولیس، گونیامتر، آزمون لک لک و آزمون Y اندازه­ گیری شد. آزمودنی­ های گروه تجربی به مدت 12 هفته، هفته­ ای 3 جلسه و در هر جلسه 60 دقیقه به تمرین پرداختند. جهت تجزیه و تحلیل آماری داده‌ها از تحلیل واریانس ترکیبی در بسته آماری SPSS نسخه 22 استفاده شد (0/05>P). یافته ­ها: پس از دوره تمرینی، کاهش معنی‌داری در فاصله بین زانو­ها (0/001=p) و افزایش معنی­ داری در زاویه Q (p=0/04)، تعادل ایستا (0/001=p) و تعادل پویا در جهت قدامی (0/001=p)، خلفی داخلی (0/002=p) و خلفی خارجی (0/003=p) دیده شد. نتیجه ­گیری: با توجه به نتایج حاصل می­ توان اذعان نمود که تمرینات تراباند مربوط به پروتکل تمرینی ارائه شده در تحقیق حاضر بر بهبود زانوی پرانتزی، زاویه Q و تعادل دانش آموزان مبتلا به زانوی پرانتزی مؤثر بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of 12 weeks of theraband training on the knee position, Q angle and postural control in persons with genu varum

نویسندگان [English]

  • gholamali ghasemi 1
  • Narges Sheibani 2
  • mehdi ghaderiyan 3
1 isfahan university1. Associate Professor of Sport Pathology and Corrective Movements, Faculty of Sports Science, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
2 Expert of Department of Sports and Youth of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
3 Phd student of Sport pathology and corrective Movements, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background andAim: In recent years the use of elastic exercises in the rehabilitation due to low cost, low spacerequirements and secure, is considered. The aim of this study was to the effect of 12 weeks of theraband training on the knee deformity, Q angle and postural control in students with genu valgum. Materials and Methods: The 30 female first high school students with genu varum purposefully selected and randomly divided into two experimental (age 14.01±1.6 years, height 1.57±0.12 m and weight 50.3±9.7 kg) and control (age 14.06±1.6 years, height 1.56±0.18 m and weight 50.03±11.3 kg) groups (n=15). The distance between the knees, the Q angle, static balance and dynamic balance of subjects respectively with caliper, goniometer, stork balance test and Y balance test was measured. The Experimental group completed 12 weeks, 3 sessions/ week, 60-minute/session of theraband training program. Data were statistically analyzed by the use of RMANOVA, using SPSS 22 software (p<0.05). Result: After the training period a significant decrease in distances between the knee (p= 0.001) and a significant increase in the Q angle (p=0.04), static balance (p=0.001) and dynamic balance in the anterior (p=0.001), posterior medial (p=0.002) and posterior lateral (p=0.003) was seen. Conclusion: According to these results can be acknowledged that elastic exercises with the theraband training protocol presented in this study on the improvement of knee genu varum, Q angle and balance of students with genu varumis effective.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Theraband
  • Genu varum
  • Q angle
  • Postural control

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