تاثیر هشت هفته ماساژ رفلکسولوژی کف پا بر تعادل و خطای حس عمقی مفصل مچ پای مردان سالمند

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی/ دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی/ دانشگاه شهرکرد

2 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه آسیب شناسی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی/ دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی/ دانشگاه خوارزمی

3 استادیار، گروه مدیریت ورزشی/ دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی/ دانشگاه شهرکرد

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: تقویت عوامل موثر در حفظ تعادل می ­تواند به عنوان یک راهبرد اساسی در درمان مشکلات تعادلی سالمندان باشد و تحریک گیرنده های لمس و فشاری پوست، عضلات و کپسول می­ تواند به بهبود حس عمقی مفصلی و در نتیجه به ثبات عملکردی مفصل کمک کند، هدف مطالعه­ ی حاضر بررسی تاثیر هشت هفته ماساژ رفلکسولوژی کف پا بر تعادل و خطای حس عمقی مفصل مچ پای مردان سالمند می­ باشد.
 روش تحقیق: راهبرد این تحقیق از نوع نیمه تجربی با طرح کاربردی پیش آزمون – پس آزمون با دو گروه آزمایش– کنترل است. نمونۀ آماری این تحقیق را 30 نفر از سالمندان مرد سالم واقع در شهرستان فارسان با دامنه سنی 60 تا 80  سال از بین 100 مرد سالمند تشکیل دادند و به طور تصادفی به دو گروه 15 نفر آزمایش با میانگین سنی (7/93 ± 76/58) سال که تمرینات رفلکسولوژی را انجام دادند و 15 نفر کنترل با میانگین سنی (6/27 ±77/64) سال، تقسیم شدند. میزان خطا در بازسازی زوایای مفصلی مچ پا در حرکت ­های اینورشن و اورشن و زمان تعادل ایستا و پویای هر دو گروه در پیش ازمون و پس آزمون اندازه­ گیری شد. گروه مداخله رفلکسولوژی کف پا را در مدت 30 دقیقه روی هر دو پا (برای هر پا 15 دقیقه) و طی هشت هفته و هر هفته 3 جلسه انجام دادند. تجزیه و تحلیل داده ­ها با استفاده از آزمون­ های t وابسته و t مستقل در سطح معنی ­داری 0/05>α انجام شد.
یافته ­ها: نتایج آزمون تی مستقل قبل از مداخله تفاوت معنی­ داری بین دو گروه از لحاظ میانگین میزان خطا در بازسازی زوایای مفصلی و تعادل ایستا و پویا نشان نداد (0/05<p). اما پس از مداخله نتایج حاصل از این آزمون حاکی از وجود تفاوت معنی دار بین میانگین میزان خطا و تعادل ایستا و پویا  در گروه مداخله نسبت به گروه کنترل بود (0/05>p).
نتیجه ­گیری: از یافته­ های تحقیق حاضر می ­توان نتیجه گرفت که رفلکسولوژی کف پا می­ تواند سبب بهبود تعادل ایستا و پویا و حس عمقی مفصل مچ پای مردان سالمند شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of eight weeks Foot Reflexology Massage on balance and Ankle Joint Proprioception Error in Elderly Men

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Sadeghi Dehcheshme 1
  • Ehsan Tasoujian 2
  • Ali Reza Omidi 3
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Improving the affective factors of balance could be a critical procedure in managing the elderly's balance dysfunction. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of eight weeks foot reflexology on balance and ankle joint proprioception error in elderly men.
Materials and Methods: This semi-empirical study was designed as pre-test - post-test with two empirical - control groups. The sample of study were 30 healthy elderly men, aged 60 to 80 years and located in the Farsan, selected among 100 elderly men. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups included empirical group (15 man) with mean age 76.58±7.93 (years) and exercising reflexology and control group (15man) with mean age 77.64±6.27 (years). The amount of error in the reconstruction of the ankle joint angles in inversion and eversion andstatic and dynamic balance time was measured in pre test and post test of each group. Intervention group was performed 30 minutes reflexology foot in both feet (for each foot 15 minutes) and 3 sessions per week during eight week. Data was analyzes using paired and independent t test at significant level of pResults: The results showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups' error average in reconstructing of the joint angles before the intervention. The results of an independent t-test showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups' error average in reconstructing joint angles before the intervention (p>0.05). However, after the intervention it has been shown that there was significant difference in error average and static and dynamic of the empirical group than the control group (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Based on findings of this study it can be concluded that foot reflexology may improve static and dynamic balance and ankle proprioception in elderly men.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Elderly
  • Proprioception
  • Reflexology
  • Foot
  • Ankle

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