بررسی ارتباط بین سطح فعالیت بدنی با عوامل خطرزای قلبی - عروقی در دانشجویان پسر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی/ دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه/ کرمانشاه

2 دانشجوی دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزشی/ دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی/ دانشگاه گیلان/ رشت

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: تحقیقات علمی نشان می­دهد که زندگی کم تحرک، خطر ابتلا به بیماری های قلبی و عروقی (CVD) را افزایش می­دهد، به طوری که افراد کم تحرک دو برابر بیشتر از افراد فعال در معرض خطر ابتلا به بیماری قلبی – عروقی قرار دارند. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی ارتباط بین سطح فعالیت بدنی با عوامل خطرزای قلبی - عروقی در دانشجویان پسر انجام شد. روش تحقیق: 30 آزمودنی پسر با میانگین سنی 1/27±23/7 سال، و شاخص توده بدن 2/69±23/7 کیلو­گرم بر متر مربع­ به عنوان نمونه تحقیق انتخاب شدند. سطح فعالیت بدنی آزمودنی­ها توسط پرسشنامه استاندارد  بک (Baecke)، و برخی عوامل­ خطرزای قلبی عروقی شامل: کلسترول (TC)، تری گلیسیرید (TG)، لیپوپروتئین کم چگال (LDL-C)، لیپوپروتئین پر چگال (HDL-C)، فشار خون سیستولیک (SBP) و فشار خون دیاستولیک (DBP) با روش های معتبر اندازه گیری شدند. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها از روش­های آمار توصیفی و استنباطی مناسب شامل آزمون کلموگروف – اسمیرنف  و ضریب همبستگی پیرسون در سطح معنی داری 0/05>p استفاده شد. یافته­ها: نتایج مطالعه حاضر نشان داد که سطح فعالیت بدنی رابطه منفی و معنی­داری با سطح کلسترول خون و LDL دارد (0/02>p). در حالی که بین سطح فعالیت بدنی با HDL و TG خون ارتباط معنی­داری (0/05<p) مشاهده نشد. از سوی دیگر نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد که بین سطح فعالیت بدنی با توده چربی بدن (p<0/001)، درصد چربی بدن (p<0/005) و شاخص توده بدن (p<0/003) ارتباط منفی و معنی­داری وجود دارد. همچنین بین فشار خون سیستول و دیاستول با سطح فعالیت بدنی ارتباط معنی داری بدست نیامد. نتیجه­ گیری: انتخاب سبک زندگی فعال علاوه بر حفظ شاخص توده بدن در دامنه مناسب و کاهش چربی اضافی، موجب کنترل و پیشگیری از عوامل خطرزای قلبی – عروقی می­شود و بدین ترتیب سطح سلامت جسمانی را ارتقاء می­بخشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between physical activity level and risk factors of cardiovascular disease in male college students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Azizi 1
  • Rastegar Hosseini 2
چکیده [English]

 
Background and Aim: Scientific research shows that risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is two fold in sedentary people than active people because of the increasing of inactivity level. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between physical activity and risk factors of CVD in male college students. Materials and Methods: Thirty healthy young male with mean age of 22.5±1.27 years, and body mass index of 23.7±2.69 kg/m2 were selected using the clustering method for sampling. The physical activity level was measured by the Baecke standard questionnaire. Moreover, total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) also were measeard as CVD risk factors. For data analysis, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Pearson correlation coefficient were used and significant level was accepted if pResults: The result showed that there were significant negative correlation between physical activity and TC or LDL (p<0.02). Also no significant correlation were found between physical activity with TG or HDL (p>0.05). The results also showed that there were significant negative correlation between physical activity and body fat mass (p<0.001), percent body fat (p<0.005) and body mass index (p<0.003). However, there were no significant correlation between physical activity and SBP or DBP. Conclusion: Selecting an active lifestyle, in addition to maintaining body mass index in the healthy domain and also reduction of additional body fat can inhibit the risk factors of CVD in males.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Lipid profile
  • Physical Activity Level
  • Cardiovascular Disease

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