بررسی میزان آگاهی، شیوع و عوارض مصرف استروئیدهای آنابولیک در ورزشکاران مرد رشته پرورش اندام شهر مشهد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش/ دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی/ دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد/ مشهد،

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزش/ دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی/ دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد/ مشهد

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: امروزه علی رغم تدابیر مختلف جهانی جهت پیشگیری از مصرف داروهای استروئیدی،شاهد افزایش مصرف این مواد از سوی ورزشکاران می باشیم. لذا هدف از انجام این تحقیق بررسی میزان آگاهی، شیوع و عوارض مصرف استروئیدهای آنابولیک در بین ورزشکاران مرد رشته پرورش اندام در شهر مشهد می باشد. روش تحقیق: تحقیق حاضر از نوع مطالعات توصیفی، مقطعی بوده و دربرگیرنده کلیه ورزشکاران رشته پرورش اندام شهر مشهد می باشد. ابزار اندازه گیری آن پرسشنامه 19 سوالی بود که روایی آن به تایید 13 نفر از صاحب نظران حوزه دوپینگ رسید و پایایی آن با تکمیل پرسشنامه توسط 30 شرکت کننده و محاسبه آلفای کرونباخ، حدود 80/ 0 به دست آمد. پرسشنامه ها در یازده باشگاه ورزشی بین 300 ورزشکار مرد و به صورت خوشه ای- تصادفی توزیع گردید و تعداد 282 پرسشنامه برگشت داده شد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها از آمار توصیفی ( فراوانی،میانگین،
درصد) وآزمون t مستقل استفاده گردید. یافته ها: یافته های این تحقیق مبین این است که 64 درصد ورزشکاران این رشته در مشهد از داروهای استروئیدی استفاده می کنند . همچنین تحلیل داده ها وجود رابطه معنی دار بین سابقه قهرمانی با شیوع استفاده از داروها( 001/ pتیجه گیری: عدم دانش کافی از سوی مربیان و ورزشکاران در خصوص عوارض و پیامدهای ناشی از مصرف استروئیدها، بستر مصرف این مواد را به طور خیره کننده ای مساعد نموده است، از این رو تدوین برنامه های آموزشی جامع جهت ارتقاء سطح آگاهی ورزشکاران و مربیان ضروری به نظر می رسد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Studying the amount of prevalence awareness and complications of anabolic steroids among the male athletes in Mashhad city

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nahid Bijeh 1
  • Mohsen Dehbashi 2
  • Mahdi Saghi 2
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Nowadays despite the world minded against the use of steroids, unfortunately the use of these drugs is increased by athletes. The purpose of this study was to identify the amount of prevalence awareness and complications of anabolic steroids in male athletes. Materials and Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study in the city of Mashhad and included bodybuilding athletes. A questionnaire with 19 questions whose validity that already confirmed by 13 doping experts was used. Moreover, the reliability of the questionnaire was calculated through evaluation of the collected data from 30 participants and measuring the Cronbach›s alpha (α=0.80). The questionnaires were then distributed among 300 male athletes from eleven clubs that were randomly chosen as a cluster method. To analyze the data descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, mean) and independent t-test were used. Results: The results indicated about of 64% of athletes were used from steroid drugs. Data also indicated that there was a significant correlation between the history of the championship with the prevalence of drug use (p Conclusions: It seems that coaches and athletes haven’t enough knowledge about the affects of the steroids in the body, so they use a lot of these kind of drug. Therefore it is necessary to make comprehensive and educational course to improve the knowledge of athletes and coaches.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Doping
  • Anabolic steroids
  • Hormone
  • Abuse

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