تاثیر شش هفته تمرین مقاومتی همراه با مصرف مکمل جینسینگ بر توان هوازی و بی هوازی دانشجویان مرد غیرفعال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه شاهرود / دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی

چکیده

زمینهوهدف: هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی شش هفته تمرین مقاومتی همراه با مصرف مکمل جینسینگ (آسیایی) بر توان هوازی و بی هوازی دانشجویان مرد غیرفعال دانشگاه شاهرود بود. روشتحقیق: بدین منظور 50 دانشجو با میانگین سنی 2± 19 سال و شاخص توده بدن 3± 22 کیلو گرم داوطلبانه در این تحقیق شرکت کردند. آزمودنی ها به صورت تصادفی به چهار گروه شامل گروه مکمل + تمرین ( 13 نفر)، گروه دارونما + تمرین (13 نفر)، گروه مکمل(12 نفر) و گروه کنترل (12 نفر) تقسیم شدند. گروه های تمرینی به مدت شش هفته، سه جلسه در هفته و طبق برنامه مدون به تمرین پرداختند. قبل و بعد از برنامه تمرین و مکمل دهی، آزمون هوازی بروس، آزمون ب یهوازی وینگیت و ارزیابی ترکیب بدن به عمل آمد. به منظور بررسی طبیعی بودن توزیع داد ه ها از آزمون کولموگروف اسمیرنف و برای استخراج نتایج، از آزمون تحلیل واریانس با اندازه گیری مکرر(4×2) و وابسته در سطح معنی داری 05/p<0 استفاده شد. یافتهها: اوج توان بی هوازی (02/p=0 ) و حداکثر توان هوازی (p=0/001) در سه گروه تجربی (مداخله) به طور معنی دار بهبود پیدا کرد، در حالی که میانگین توان بی هوازی(p=0/12)، حداقل توان بی هوازی (09/p=0) و شاخص خستگی بین چهار گروه تفاوت معنی داری (32/p=0) نداشت. نتیجهگیری: در مقایسه با تمرین مقاومتی تنها، تمرین مقاومتی همراه با مکمل جینسینگ نقش بیشتری در بهبود توان هوازی و بی هوازی افراد غیر فعال دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of ginseng supplementation and six weeks of resistance training on aerobic and anaerobic power in sedentary male students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jehangir Ahmadi
  • Ali Hassani
  • Adel Donyai
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of ginseng supplementation and six weeks
of resistance training on aerobic and anaerobic factors of non-active students at the university of Shahrood. Materials
and Methods: In this way, 50 students of Shahrood university with an age average of 19±2 years and the body mass index average of 22±3 kg/m2 voluntarily participated in the study. The subjects were divided randomly into four groups including training+supplement (13 people), training+placebo (13 people), supplement (12 people), and control (12 people) groups. Training groups were performed a designed protocol three times per week for 6 weeks. Before and after the training program, the Bruce aerobic test, the Wingate anaerobic test and body composition were measured. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used for evaluating of normal distribution of data and then the paired t-test and repeated measure ANOVA test (4×2) were applied for detection of significant differences (p<0.05) between groups. Results: The peak anaerobic power (p=0.02) and maximum aerobic power (p=0.001) were significantly increased in the training groups, however, average aerobic power (p=0.12), minimum aerobic power (p=0.09) and fatigue index (p=0.32) did not show any significant differences between groups. Conclusion: Compared to the resistance training intervention, resistance training along with ginseng supplement may have a greater role in improving aerobic and anaerobic power in 
non-active male students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • resistance training
  • Anaerobic power
  • Aerobic power
  • Ginseng

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