تأثیر تکرار فعالیت های سرعتی و غوطه وری در آب سرد بر برخی عوامل التهابی خستگی در مردان فعال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 استاد گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

4 کارشناس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: امروزه یافتن بهترین روش بازیافت برای ورزشکاران اهمیت زیادی پیدا کرده است. هدف تحقیق حاضر بررسی آثار تکرار فعالیت­های سرعتی (RSA) و 12 دقیقه غوطه­وری در آب سرد (CWI) 14 درجه سانتی­گراد بلافاصله بعد از RSA، بر مقادیر سرمی شاخص­های التهابی خستگی اینترلوکین-6 (IL-6) و عامل نکروز تومور آلفا (TNF-α) در مردان فعال بود. روش تحقیق: روش تحقیق نیمه تجربی و جامعه آماری مردان فعال با دامنه سنی 20 تا 26 سال بودند. بدین منظور تعداد 20 نفر مرد فعال با دامنه سنی 20 تا 26 سال پس از انجام RSA به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه 10 نفره کنترل استراحت غیر فعال (PAS) و تجربی CWI تقسیم شدند. از هر دو گروه قبل و بعد از فعالیت ورزشی و بلافاصله و 24 ساعت بعد از غوطه­وری در آب سرد نمونه خونی گرفته شد. برای بررسی تأثیر RSA بر مقادیر سرمی شاخص­های التهابی از آزمون ناپارامتریک ویلکاکسون و برای بررسی تأثیر CWI بر این مقادیر از آزمون آماری تحلیل واریانس با اندازه­گیری مکرر استفاده شد (05/0>p). یافته­ها: نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که RSA موجب افزایش مقادیر سرمی TNF-α و IL-6 می شود (به ترتیب با 02/0=p و 0001/0=p). CWI پس از RSA موجب کاهش معنی­دار مقادیر سرمی TNF-α شد (006/0=p). CWI و PAS پس از RSA هیچکدام مانع افزایش معنی­دار مقادیر سرمی IL-6 نشدند، اما در گروه آب سرد این افزایش کمتر بود (001/0=p). CWI پس از RSA باعث کاهش معنی­دار مقادیر سرمی TNF-α در 24 ساعت پس از CWI شد (01/0=p). شاخص های CWI و PAS پس از RSA باعث کاهش معنی دار (01/0=p) (01/0=p) مقادیر سرمی IL-6 در 24 ساعت پس از CWI شدند. نتیجه گیری: غوطه­ وری در آب سرد و سرما با کاهش موضعی نفوذ­پذیری عروق خونی موجب محدود کردن یا به تأخیر انداختن تجمع برخی عوامل التهابی می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of repeated sprint activity and cold water immersion on fatigue inflammatory biomarkers in active men

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mojtaba Khaki 1
  • Abbasali Gaeini 2
  • Mohammad Reza Kordi 3
  • Mohammad Reza Rahmati 1
  • Abbas Hoseini 4
  • Saman Hajizadeh 1
1 1. PhD Student of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Full Professor, Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
4 MSc of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Science, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Today, finding the best recovery method for athletes is very important. The purpose of this study wasto measure the effects of repeated sprint activities (RSA) and 12 minutes immersion (CWI) in cold water (14 C) immediately after performance of RSA on fatigue serum inflammatory biomarkers as Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in active men.Materials and Methods: The research adopted a quasi-experimentalmethod and the statistical population was20-26 year-old active men.  in this was 20 active males after performance of RSA randomlywere divided into two groups as control passive recovery (PAS) and experimental (CWI) groups. Blood samples were taken from both groups, immediately before and 24 hours after immersion in cold water. For statistical analysistheWilcoxon and Repeated measures and ANOVA tests were used (p<0.05). Results: The results showed that RSA training significantly increased the TNF-α and IL-6 (p=0.02 & p=0.0001 respectively). However, the CWI significantly decreased the levels of TNF-α (p=0.006). Although, the CWI and PAS after RSA, could not prevent from increaseing in serum IL-6 levels, however in the cold water group, this increase was lower (p=0.001). After sprint activity, CWI caused significant reduction in serum levels of TNF-α in 24 hours after CWI (p=0.01), moreover, the CWI and PAS significantly decreased the levels of IL-6 after 24 hours of cold water recovery (p=0.01). Conclusion: Cold water immersiom and also cold with a local reduction in permeability of blood vessels could limit or delaythe accumulation of inflammatory factors.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Tumor necrosis factor alpha
  • Interleukin-6
  • Fatigue
  • Repeated sprint activity
  • Cold water immersion
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