اثرمکمل یاری کوتاه مدت چای سبز بر شاخص‌های اکسایشی و ضداکسایشی پس از فعالیت مقاومتی با شدت های متوسط و بالا در مردان کشتی گیر تمرین کرده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

2 دانشیار فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه کردستان، ایران.

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: عصاره ­چای سبز به عنوان یک آنتی­ اکسیدان اثرگذار بر کاهش استرس اکسیداتیو ناشی از فعالیت مقاومتی معرفی شده است. هدف از این پژوهش بررسی اثر مکمل­ یاری کوتاه مدت عصاره­ چای سبز بر شاخص­ های منتخب اکسایشی و ضداکسایشی پس از فعالیت مقاومتی با دو نوع شدت متوسط و بالا در مردان تمرین کرده بود. روش تحقیق: تعداد 11 مرد کشتی­ گیر تمرین کرده با وزنه در یک طرح متقاطع دوسوکور کنترل شده با دارونما شامل چهار دوره­ مکمل­ یاری یک هفته­ ای با دارونما یا عصاره­ چای سبز با دوز مصرفی روزانه 900 میلی­گرم شرکت کردند. آزمودنی­ ها دو وهله فعالیت مقاومتی با شدت متوسط و دو وهله فعالیت مقاومتی با شدت بالا را پس از مصرف مکمل و یا دارونما انجام دادند که این وهله ­ها توسط دوره های دو هفته ­ای پاکسازی از هم جدا شدند. وهله ­های فعالیت مقاومتی با شدت بالا شامل شش حرکت در شش ست و چهار تکرار با شدت 90 درصد یک تکرار بیشینه، و وهله ­های فعالیت مقاومتی با شدت متوسط شامل شش حرکت در سه ست و ده تکرار با شدت 70 درصد یک تکرار بیشینه انجام شد. پیش و پس از وهله­ های فعالیت مقاومتی برای اندازه ­گیری شاخص­ های اکسایشی و ضداکسایشی خونگیری صورت می­ گرفت. با توجه به توزیع غیرطبیعی داده ­ها، برای تجزیه و تحلیل یافته­ ها از آزمون کروسکال­والیس استفاده و سطح معنی­ داری کم­تر از 05/0 در نظر گرفته شد. یافته ­ها: هیچ­گونه تفاوت معنی­ داری بین استفاده از مکمل یا دارونما، چه در فعالیت مقاومتی با شدت بالا و چه با شدت متوسط، برای متغیرهای مالون­ دی­ آلدئید، ظرفیت تام آنتی­ اکسیدانی و آنزیم سوپراکساید دیسموتاز دیده نشد. نتیجه گیری: یک هفته مصرف مکمل چای سبز اثر معنی­داری بر شاخص­ های اکسایشی و ضداکسایشی پس از فعالیت مقاومتی با شدت متوسط یا بالا در مردان کشتی­ گیر ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The acute effect of green tea supplementation on oxidative and antioxidant indices after resistance exercise at moderate and high intensities in trained wrestler men.

نویسندگان [English]

  • soma khosravi 1
  • Vahid Tadibi 2
  • Dariush Sheikholeslami-Vatani 3
1 MSc Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
2 Associate Professor Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
3 Associate Professor Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Kurdistan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Green tea extract has been suggested as an effective antioxidant to reduce the oxidative stress following resistance exercise. The purpose of this study was to investigate theacute effect of green tea extract supplementation onthe oxidative and antioxidant indices after resistance exercise at moderate and high intensities in trained men. Materials and Methods: Eleven male resistance-trained wrestlers participated in a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled crossover design, including four 1-week treatment periods with placebo and green tea extract (900 mg daily). The participants performed two medium-intensity resistance and two high-intensity resistance, which were separated with 2-weak washout periods. The high-intensity exercise sessions included six exercises with six sets and four repetitions with ninety percent of 1RM, and the medium-intensity exercise sessions included six exercises with three sets and 10 repetitions with seventy percentof 1RM.Blood sampling conducted before and after the resistance training sessions for the measurement of oxidative and antioxidant indices. Regarding the non-normal distribution of data, the Kruskal-wallis test was used to statistical analyzes and the significance level was considered lower than 0.05%. Results: : No significant effect was observed between using green tea supplementation or placebo for the levels of Malondialdehyde, total antioxidant capacity or superoxide dismutase, neither with high nor with medium intensity exercise sessions. Conclusion: Green tea supplementation for one weak has no significant effect on oxidative and antioxidant indices after medium or high intensity resistance exercise sessions in male wrestlers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Resistance exercise
  • Oxidative stress
  • Malondialdehyde
  • Superoxide dismutase

Afzalpour, M. E., Ghasemi, E., & Zarban, A. (2014). Effects of an intensive resistant training sessions and green tea supplementation on malondialdehyde and total thiol in non-athlete women. Journal homepage. Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 16(3), 59-63. [Persian]
Agarwal, A., Gupta, S., & Sikka, S. (2006). The role of free radicals and antioxidants in reproduction. Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology, 18(3), 325–332.
Alessio, H. M., Hagerman, A. E., Romanello, M., Carando, S., Threlkeld, M. S., Rogers, J., ... & Wiley, R. L. (2002). Consumption of green tea protects rats from exercise-induced oxidative stress in kidney and liver. Nutrition Research, 22(10), 1177-1188.
Bloomer, R. J. (2007). The role of nutritional supplements in the prevention and treatment of resistance exercise-induced skeletal muscle injury. Sports Medicine, 37(6), 519–32.
Braakhuis, A. J., & Hopkins, W. G. (2015). Impact of dietary antioxidants on sport performance: a review. Sports Medicine, 45(7), 939-955.
Christen, Y. (2000). Oxidative stress and Alzheimer disease. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71(2), 621S–9S.
Dillard, C. J., Litov, R. E., Savin, W. M., Dumelin, E. E., & Tappel, A. L. (1978). Effects of exercise, vitamin-E, and ozone on pulmonary-function and lipid peroxidation. Journal of Applied Physiology, 45(6), 927–932.
EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA). (2011). Guidance on the scientific requirements for health claims related to antioxidants, oxidative damage and cardiovascular health. European Food Safety Authority Journal, 9(12), 2474.
Ellinger, S., Müller, N., Stehle, P., & Ulrich-Merzenich, G. (2011). Consumption of green tea or green tea products: Is there an evidence for antioxidant effects from controlled interventional studies? Phytomedicine, 18(11), 903–15.
Fisher-Wellman, K., & Bloomer, R. J. (2009). Acute exercise and oxidative stress: A 30 year history. Dynamic Medicine, 8(1), 1-25.
Forati, H., Hojjati, Z., & Rahmani-Nia, F. (2013). The effect of caffeine consumption on muscular strength and endurance in amateur male soccer players. Journal of Practical Studies of Biosciences in Sport, 2(4), 68-77. [Persian]
Gomez-Cabrera, M. C., Domenech, E., Romagnoli, M., Arduini, A., Borras, C., Pallardo, F. V., ... & Vina, J. (2008). Oral administration of vitamin C decreases muscle mitochondrial biogenesis and hampers training-induced adaptations in endurance performance. The American Journal of Clinical Nnutrition, 87(1), 142-149.
Goto, S., Naito, H., Kaneko, T., Chung, H. Y., & Radák, Z. (2007). Hormetic effects of regular exercisein aging: Correlation with oxidative stress. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 32(5), 948–53.
Intra, J., & Kuo, S. M. (2007). Physiological levels of tea catechins increase cellular lipid antioxidant activity of vitamin C and vitamin E in human intestinal caco-2 cells. Chemico-Biological Interactions, 169(2), 91-99.
Ji, L. L., Dickman, J. R., Kang, C., & Koenig, R. (2010). Exercise-induced hormesis may helphealthy aging. Dose Response, 8(1), 73–9.
Jovanovic, S. V., & Simic, M. G. (2000). Antioxidants in nutrition. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 899(1), 326–34.
Jowko, E., Dlugolecka, B., Makaruk, B., & Cieslinsk, I. (2015). The effect of green tea extract supplementation on exercise-induced oxidative stress parameters in male sprinters. European Journal of Nutrition, 54(5), 783–791.
Jowko, E., Sacharuk, J., Balasinska, B., Ostaszewski, P., Charmas, M., & Charmas, R. (2011). Green tea extract supplementation gives protection against exercise-induced oxidative damage in healthy men. Nutrition Research, 31(11), 813–821.
Jowko, E., Sacharuk, J., Balasinska, B., Wilczak, J., Charmas, M., Ostaszewski, P., & Charmas, R. (2012). Effect of a single dose of green tea polyphenols on the blood markers of exercise-induced oxidative stress in soccer players. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 22(6), 486 -496.
Kashima, M. (1999). Effects of catechins on superoxide and hydroxyl radical. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 47(2), 279–83.
Kim, H. S., Quon, M. J., & Kim, J. A. (2014). New insights into the mechanisms of polyphenols beyond antioxidant properties; lessons from the green tea polyphenol, epigallocatechin 3-gallate. Redox Biology, 2, 187-195.
Kraemer, W. J., & Ratamess, N. A. (2004). Fundamentals of resistance training: progression and exercise prescription. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 36(4), 674-688.
Lamprecht, M. (2014). Antioxidants in sport nutrition. 1Edition. CRC Press. 112-123.
Lloyd, H., & Earnest, C. P. (2014). Effect of acute green tea extract ingestion on fat oxidation during exercise in women. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 11(1), P15.
Lotito, S. B., & Fraga, C. G. (2000). Catechins delay lipid oxidation and alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene depletion following ascorbate depletion in human plasma. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, 225(1), 32–38.
Margonis, K., Fatouros, I. G., Jamurtas, A. Z., Nikolaidis, M. G., Douroudos, I., Chatzinikolaou, A., ... & Kouretas, D. (2007). Oxidative stress biomarkers responses to physical overtraining: implications for diagnosis. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 43(6), 901-910.
Marzatico, F., Pansarasa, O., Bertorelli, L., Somenzini, L., & Della, G. V. (1997). Blood free radical antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxides following long-distance and lactacidemic performances in highly trained aerobic and sprint athletes. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 37(4), 235-239.
Myburgh, K. H. (2014). Polyphenol Supplementation: Benefits for Exercise Performance or Oxidative Stress? Sports Medicine, 44(1), S57–S70.
Panza, V. S., Wazlawik, E., RicardoSchutz, G., Comin, L., Hecht, K. C., & da Silva, E. L. (2008). Consumption of green tea favorably affects oxidative stress markers in weight-trained men. Nutrition, 24(5), 433-442.
Pham-Huy, L. A., He, H., & Pham-Huy, C. (2008). Free radicals, antioxidants in disease and health. International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS, 4(2), 89.
Pingitore, A., Pace Pereira Lima, G., Mastorci, F., Quinones, A., Iervasi, G., & Vassalle, C. (2015). Exercise and oxidative stress: Potential effects of antioxidant dietary strategies in sports. Nutrition, 31(7-8), 916–922.
Powers, S. K., & Jackson, M, J. (2008). Exercise-induced oxidative stress: cellular mechanisms and impact on muscle force production. Physiological Reviews, 88(4), 1243–76.
Shing, C. M., Peake, J. M., Ahern, S. M., Strobel, N. A., Wilson, G., Jenkins, D. G., & Coombes, J. S. (2007). The effect of consecutive days of exercise on markers of oxidative stress. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 32(4), 677–685.
Skarpanska-Stejnborn, A., Pilaczynska-Szczesniak, L., Basta, P., Deskur-Smielecka, E., & Horoszkie-wicz-Hassan, M. (2008). The influence of supplementation with artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) extract on selected redox parameters in rowers. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 18(3), 313–327.
Sousa, M., Teixeira, V. H., & Soares, J. (2014). Dietary strategies to recover from exercise-induced muscle damage. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 65(2), 151–63.
Vakili, J., & Hosseinpour, L. (2015). The effects of 8 weeks aerobic exercise training along with green tea con-sumption on the cardiovascular risk factors in obese women. Journal of Practical Studies of Biosciences in Sport, 3(5), 78-88. [Persian]
Vider, J., Lehtmaa, J., Kullisaar, T., Vihalemm, T., Zilmer, K., Kairane, Č., ... & Zilmer, M. (2001). Acute immune response in respect to exercise-induced oxidative stress. Pathophysiology, 7(4), 263-270.
Yang, M., Wang, Y., Davis, C. G., Lee, S. G., Fernandez, M. L., Koo, S. I., ... & Chun, O. K. (2014). Validation of an FFQ to assess short-term antioxidant intake against 30 d food records and plasma biomarkers. Public Health Nutrition, 17(2), 297-306.
Zaveri, N.T. (2006). Green tea and its polyphenolic catechins: Medicinal uses in cancer and non-cancer applications. Life Sciences, 78(18), 2073-2080.