عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: There is contradiction information about the effect of different kinds of sports activities on coagulation factors. The purpose of this study was to find out the effect of training with Revoflex Xtreme for 8 weeks on some coagulation indices in adult women. Materials and Methods: The statistical population of this study was the females in the age range of 25-40 years living in Azadshahr city; which 30 of these volunteer women were selected randomly. These people were randomly divided into two groups as control and experimental groups. The experimental group performed stretching and resistance training protocol by using Revoflex Xtreme device for 8 weeks, 3 times per week. The exercises of each session were done for 60 minutes (15 minutes warming, 40 minutes main exercises, and 5 minutes cooling). Blood samples of the subjects were taken 24 hours before the first session of training and 24 hours after the last session of training protocols (after 8 weeks). Activated partial The rmoblastin time and Prothrombin time variables were measured by Stago device, moreover the plasma fibrinogen levels also were measured by coagulation method. The independent t-test was used to evaluate the differentiation between groups and dependent t-test also was used to identify these changes within groups; the significant level was considered at (p≤0.05). Results: Revoflex xtreme trainings decreased the amount of Fibrinogen level in experimental group compared to control group (p=0.02). But there was no significant difference in the amount of APTT (p=0.76) and PT (p=0.24) between two groups. Conclusion: Stretching and resistant exercises with Revoflex Xtreme is an effective factor for the improvement of blood variables associated with cardiovascular risk factors especially, the reduction of blood clots in adult women.
Ahmadizad, S., & El-Sayed, M. S. (2005). The acute effects of resistance exercise on the main determinants of blood rheology. Journal of Sports Sciences, 23(3), 243-249.
Amouzad Mahdirji, H., Aghababaeian., A., Mirsaiedi., M., Fadaei Reihan Abadi, S., & Abaspour Seyedi, A. (2014). The effect of 8 weeks of resistant trainings on the homeostasis and lipid profile indexes of men. Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences, 16(2), 21-28. [Persian]
Arai, M., Yorifuji, H., Ikematsu, S., Nagasawa, H., Fujimaki, M., Fukutake, K., ... & Iwane, H. (1990). Influences of strenuous exercise (triathlon) on blood coagulation and fibrinolytic system. Thrombosis research, 57(3), 465-471.
Awodu O. A., & Famodu A. A. (2007). Effects of exercise on hemorheological parameters of young Nigerian smokers. Turkısh Journal of Medıcal Sciences, 37(1), 11-16.
Barbeau, P., Litaker, M. S., Woods, K. F., Lemmon, C. R., Humphries, M. C., Owens, S., & Gutin, B. (2002). Hemostatic and inflammatory markers in obese youths: effects of exercise and adiposity. The Journal of Pediatrics, 141(3), 415-420.
Boutcher, S. H., Meyer, B. J., Craig, G. A., & Astheimer, L. (2003). Plasma lipid and fibrinogen levels in aerobically trained and untrained postmenopausal women. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 43(2), 231.
Braith, R. W., & Stewart, K. J. (2006). Resistance exercise training its role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Circulation, 113(22), 2642-2650.
Danesh, J., Collins, R., Appleby, P., & Peto, R. (1998). Association of fibrinogen, C-reactive protein, albumin, or leukocyte count with coronary heart disease: meta-analyses of prospective studies. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 279(18), 1477-1482.
Dishman, R., Heath, G., & Lee, I. M. (2004). Physical activity epidemiology: human kinetics. 2th Edition. Human Kinetics; Champaign: US.
Ditschuneit, H. H., Flechtner‐Mors, M., & Adler, G. (1995). Fibrinogen in obesity before and after weight reduction. Obesity Research, 3(1), 43-48.
Egana, M., Reilly, H., & Green, S. (2010). Effect of elastic-band-based resistance training on leg blood flow in elderly women. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 35(6), 763-772.
El-Sayed, M. S. (1998). Effects of exercise and training on blood rheology. Sports Medicine, 26(5), 281-292.
Ernst, E. (1994). Fibrinogen: an important risk factor for atherothrombotic diseases. Annals of Medicine, 26(1), 15-22.
Fathi, M., & Mir, E. (2015). The effect of 12 session’s resistant training on some coagulation and fibrinolytic factors of inactive men. Journal of Practical Studies of Biosciences in Sport, 3(5), 56-66. [Persian]
Ghanbari-Niaki, A., Behzad Khameslo, M., & Tayebi, S. M. (2013). Effect of pyramidal training on plasma lipid profile and fibrinogen, and blood viscosity of untrained young men. Annals of Applied Sport Science, 1(3), 47-56.
Hilberg, T., Menzel, K., & Wehmeier, U. F. (2013). Endurance training modifies exercise-induced activation of blood coagulation: RCT. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 113(6), 1423-1430.
Hostler, D., Schwirian, C. I., Campos, G., Toma, K., Crill, M. T., Hagerman, G. R., ... & Staron, R. S. (2001). Skeletal muscle adaptations in elastic resistance-trained young men and women. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 86(2), 112-118.
Hyre, A. D., Muntner, P., Menke, A., Raggi, P., & He, J. (2007). Trends in ATP-III-defined high blood cholesterol prevalence, awareness, treatment and control among US adults. Annals of Epidemiology, 17(7), 548-555.
Kilic-Toprak, E., Ardic, F., Erken, G., Unver-Kocak, F., Kucukatay, V., & Bor-Kucukatay, M. (2012). Hemorheological responses to progressive resistance exercise training in healthy young males. Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research, 18(6), CR351.
Marckmann, P., Toubro, S., & Astrup, A. (1998). Sustained improvement in blood lipids, coagulation, and fibrinolysis after major weight loss in obese subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 52(5), 329-333.
Olson, T., Dengel, D., Leon, A., & Schmitz, K. (2007). Changes in inflammatory biomarkers following one-year of moderate resistance training in overweight women. International Journal of Obesity, 31(6), 996-1003.
Ruslan, N. H., Ghosh, A. K., & Hassan, R. (2014). A comparative study on platelet activation markers between continuous and intermittent exercise training programs in healthy males. Journal of Hematology, 3(3), 72-75.
Saenz, A. J., Lee-Lewandrowski, E., Wood, M. J., Neilan, T. G., Siegel, A. J., Januzzi, J. L., & Lewandrowski, K. B. (2006). Measurement of a plasma stroke biomarker panel and cardiac troponin T in marathon runners before and after the 2005 Boston marathon. American Journal of Clinical Pathology, 126(2), 185-189.
Song, W. J., & Sohng, K. Y. (2012). Effects of progressive resistance training on body composition, physical fitness and quality of life of patients on hemodialysis. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 42(7), 947-956.
Smith, J. E., Garbutt, G., Lopes, P., & Pedoe, D. T. (2004). Effects of prolonged strenuous exercise (marathon running) on biochemical and haematological markers used in the investigation of patients in the emergency department. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 38(3), 292-294.
Smith, D. T., Hoetzer, G. L., Greiner, J. J., Stauffer, B. L., & DeSouza, C. A. (2003). Effects of ageing and regular aerobic exercise on endothelial fibrinolytic capacity in humans. The Journal of Physiology, 546(1), 289-298.
Thomas, M., Müller, T., & Busse, M. W. (2005). Quantification of tension in Thera-Band® and Cando® tubing at different strains and starting lengths. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 45(2), 188.
Tzotzas, T., Evangelou, P., & Kiortsis, D. N. (2011). Obesity, weight loss and conditional cardiovascular risk factors. Obesity Reviews, 12(5), 282-289.
Wang, J.S. (2006). Exercise prescription and thrombogenesis. Journal of Biomedical Science, 13(6), 753-761.
Wisløff, U., Støylen, A., Loennechen, J. P., Bruvold, M., Rognmo, Ø., Haram, P. M., ... & Videm, V. (2007). Superior cardiovascular effect of aerobic interval training versus moderate continuous training in heart failure patients a randomized study. Circulation, 115(24), 3086-3094.