تأثیر فعالیت حاد هوازی همراه با مصرف مکمل ویتامین C بر عملکرد ریوی ورزشکاران مبتلا به برونکواسپاسم ناشی از ورزش

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

2 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

3 استاد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

4 دانشجوی دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: فعالیت ورزشی حاد ممکن است به عنوان یک عامل فیزیولوژیک استرس‌زا، منجر به پاسخ ‌دستگاه ایمنی و در نتیجه افزایش معنی‌دار سطوح شاخص‌های التهابی شود. هدف از این مطالعه مقایسه تأثیر یک جلسه فعالیت حاد هوازی همراه با مصرف مکمل ویتامین C بر عمکلرد ریوی ورزشکاران مبتلا به برونکواسپاسم ناشی از ورزش بود. روش تحقیق: در این مطالعه نیمه تجربی، 31 ورزشکار با تعیین حداکثر اکسیژن مصرفی بالای 45 میلی‌لیتر‏‏‏/‏‏کیلوگرم/‏‏دقیقه، به صورت همگن گزینش شده و به روش تصادفی ساده به دو گروه دریافت کننده ویتامینC (15نفر) و گروه کنترل (16 نفر) تقسیم شدند. آزمودنی‌های گروه دریافت کننده ویتامین C  به مدت 3 هفته روزانه 500 میلی‌گرم از این مکمل مصرف کردند. طی دو مرحله (قبل و بعد از اجرای فعالیت درمانده‌ساز آستراند)، شاخص هایVC ،FVC ،FEV1 ،FEV1‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏FVC ،PEF ،MVV آزمودنی‌های هر دو گروه به وسیله دستگاه اسپیرومتر دیجیتالی ارزیابی شدند. داده ها با روش آماری t وابسته برای مقایسه درون گروهی و کوواریانس برای مقایسه بین گروهی، در سطح معنی داری 05‏/‏‏‏‏0>p به کمک نرم‌افزار SPSSنسخه 19 تجزیه و تحلیل شدند. یافته‌ ها: مصـرف 3 هفتـه مکمـل ویتـامیـن   Cتـأثیر مثبـت معنـی داری بـر شاخـص‌هـای  VC(06‏/‏0=p) ؛ FVC (83‏/‏0=p)؛ FEV1 (60‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏0=p) ؛ FEV1‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏FVC (69‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏0=p)؛ PEF (18‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏0=p)؛ MVV (79‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏0=p) ورزشکاران مبتلا به برونکواسپاسم ناشی از ورزش نداشـت و دو گـروه تجـربـی و کنتـرل در شـاخص های VC  (63‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏0=p)؛ FVC  (31‏‏‏/‏‏‏0=p)؛ FEV1 (12‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏0=p) ؛ FEV1‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏FVC  (06‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏0=p)،   PEF(36‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏0=p) و MVV (56/‏‏‏0=p) تفاوت معنی دار آماری نداشتند. نتیجه گیری: به نظر می رسد مصرف ویتامین C تأثیر معنی داری بر شدت برونکواسپاسم خفیف ناشی از ورزش در ورزشکاران ندارد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of acute aerobic exercise with vitamin C supplementation on pulmonary function of athletes with Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Dehghanianfard 1
  • Mohsen Ghanbarzadeh 2
  • Abdolhamid Habibi 3
  • Hamed Rezaei Nasab 4
1 MS.c in Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
3 Full Professor of Sport Physiology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
4 Ph.d Student of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Acute exercise as a stressful physiological factor, may lead to immune response, and therefore can significantly increase the levels of inflammatory indices. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of one session of acute aerobic activity along vitamin C supplementation on pulmonary function of athletes with exercise induced bronchospasm. Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 31 athletes were selected homogeneously according to Bruce treadmill test to determine VO2max above 45 ml‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏kg‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏min, further they randomly divided into two vitamin C (N=15) and control (N=15) groups. The subjects were asked to consume 500 mg‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏day vitamin C, three weeks during two-stage implementation of pre-test and post-test during exhaustive activity. The VC, FVC, FEV1, FEV1‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏FVC, PEF and MVV were measured using digital spirometer. The variables were statistically analyzed by paired-sample t test for intra-group comparison and ANCOVA for between groups comparison at a significant level of p<0.05, using SPSS19 software. Results: Consuming vitamin C, during three weeks had no significantly effect on VC (p=0.06); FVC (p=0.83); FEV1 (p=0.60); FEV1‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏FVC (p=0.69); PEF (p=0.18) and MVV (p=0.79), Moreover there was no significant difference between both experimental and control groups in VC (p=0.63); FVC (p=0.31); FEV1 (p=0.12); FEV1‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏‏/‏‏‏FVC (p=0.06); PEF (p=0.36) and MVV (p=0.56). Conclusion: It seems that vitamin C had no significantly effect on mild exercise-Induced bronchospasmin athletes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Exercise-induced bronchospasm
  • Pulmonary function
  • Acute aerobic exercise
  • Vitamin C

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