Writing structure of review articles should be composed of following parts:
- Persian and English Abstract (a summary of introduction, conclusion and suggestion for future studies)
- Introduction: including a brief summary of theoretical and empirical foundation in order to provide a new approach and to create or challenge a hypothesis
- Subject priorities with respect to the coherence of content
- Research suggestions
Journal of Practical Studies of Biosciences in Sport, as a scientific – research journal with ISC grade, gives the priority assessment to the topics which have more proximity to specialized areas in terms of concept. Currently, translated articles, review articles, and case studies have no priority for publication.
Articles which are electronically recorded in the system will initially be checked by the internal director to investigate their compliance with structural and writing guidelines. Afterward, the papers will be sent to the specialized secretary to investigate scientific quality, and then they are sent for the Editor in chief. Finally if they meet the criteria, submitted articles will be forwarded for more specialized investigations into the arbitration process. Anonymous articles will be evaluated by at least two referees chosen by the editor and the editorial board and Corresponding Author will be informed as soon as possible about the acceptance, rejection or the need for modifications requested by the referees. If the paper is completely in accordance with the items listed in this guide, it will gain full acceptance of the jury and will be published in next journal.
To write a paper all the following items should be considered:
- Content should be written in one column (B-NAZANIN 14 for Persian text and Times New Roman 12 for English text) with respect to required margin (at least 2.5 cm on each side).
- Number of pages should not exceed 12 pages.
- Papers must comply with grammar rules and also be written in fluent Persian language as much as possible. In addition, foreign terms which do not have any Persian equivalent must be avoided.
- Latin names and terms should be written at the bottom of the page
- Abbreviations first should be mentioned in full name. Note that only standard abbreviations can be used. No abbreviation should be used in title and/or abstract.
Authors' profile should contain title, authors name, scientific degrees and place of employment (in Persian and English) and supervisory institution, sponsors and venues for the study, if there is any. If the author does not have any affiliation name of the city and province should be written under his/her name. Address, phone number and Email of Corresponding Author should be mentioned. Corresponding Author is in charge of all correspondences.
Main Article File
Persian title, abstract and key words have to be mentioned respectively. Abstract should be in one paragraph (maximum 250-300 words) and purpose, method, findings and conclusion should be stated in the body text. Past tense should be used to describe what has been done in the past and verbs should be in present tense for the conclusion. It should be noted that no citation, acronyms, abbreviations and symbols can be used in abstract. Key words should be 3-5 word.
Second page includes; English title, English abstract and related key words. English abstract and key words have to exactly match the Persian abstract and Keywords.
The body text consists of 6 parts: introduction, methodology, results, discussion and conclusions, Acknowledgement and sources. All of the above should be expressed separately. Placing a ":" sign in front of the titles must be avoided.
Introduction should explain; what is the problem? How different/related is it from the previous works? This section deals with describing the problem in two or three pages by reviewing past studies, challenges and necessity of application of results. General and unnecessary discussion must be avoided. Introduction should not be written in such a way that only experts are able to use it.
Methodology should be written in such way that every reader can get the same results as he/she repeats the experience of author. The followings should be reported in methodology: Research method details, implementation and follow-up duration, time and place of conducting the survey, sampling and the criteria for selection, sample size, inclusion/exclusion criteria of the study, data collection, ethical standards, measurement tools (validity and reliability), statistical tests, and manufacturer of materials and devices.
Results and Findings
Findings include a full description of the results. Results should be expressed clearly and according to scientific principles. Detailed results including the exact values of the test especially the exact amount of P-Value (for example, P = 0.012) in inferential statistics is essential.
Authors are required to report only the most important results.
Proper use of tables and diagrams in black and white will make it easier to study.
All figures, diagrams and pictures should be numbered and their explanations have to be written beneath it.
Titles of tables also should be placed on top of them.
All figures and tables should be included within the text.
High resolution Photos must be used. Authors must refrain from posting copy images and only original files from relevant software should be used.
Instead of using different colors, it is advisable to distinguish charts column using hachure in different ways.
Due to page limitations, repeated discussions should be avoided.
Using tables are permissible when the data (results) cannot be easily written in body text. Title of the table must be so expressive that one does not need to refer to the text.
Table numbers should have no decimals as much as possible (two decimal places is allowed, if necessary).
Only horizontal lines (preferably three lines) are to be used to determine title and bottom of the table.
Numbers and figures in tables should not be repeated in the text.
Finding highlights, importance, limitations, a comparison with other studies' results, explaining and interpreting common and controversial issues and suggesting a possible application of findings are discussed in this part. In the end, a brief discussion on what they already knew about the subject and what new information has been added to the scope of the study is recommended. Results should not be repeated in this part, however, new results that is not mentioned, should be discussed.
At the end of articles an achievement message should be expressed in one or two sentences.
Name of the source or sources of financial supports is to be noted. All individuals or groups who have helped and cooperated are appreciated in this part. Of course the use or non-use of this part is arbitrary.
Journal citation style is APA.
Using APA Style
APA Style uses in-text citations and a Reference List at the end of your document.
Article with One Author or Editor:
Rutherford, B. J. (2006). Reading disability and hemispheric interaction on a lexical decision task. Brain and Cognition, 60, 55-63.
Rutherford, B. J., & Rush, K. (2006). Reading disability and hemispheric interaction on a lexical decision task. Brain and Cognition, 60(4), 55-63.
More than Six Authors/Editors:
Rush, K. L., Waldrop, S., Mitchell, C., & Dyches, C. (2005). The RN-BSN distance education experience: From educational limbo to more than an elusive degree. Journal of Professional Nursing, 21(5), 283-292.
Article from online electronic journal (continuous):
Wells, P. (2009, July 28). Our universities can be smarter. Maclean’s. Retrieved from http://www2.macleans.ca
Murphy, M. A., Lai, D., & Sookraj, D. (1997). Evaluation of the neighborhood )congregate( meal program: Final report. 2th Edition. Kelowna, BC: Kelowna Home Support Society.
Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary (1993). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.
Shields, M., & Wilkins, K. (2006). Findings from the 2005 National Survey of the Work and Health of Nurses (Report No. 83-003 XPE). Retrieved from Canadian Institute for Health Information website: http://secure.cihi.ca/cihiweb/products /NHSRep06_ENG.pdf